Reindeer Management in Northernmost Europe: Linking Practical And Scientific Knowledge in Social-Ecological Systems
B.C. Forbes, M. Bolter, L. Muller-Wille, J. Hukkinen, N. Gunslay, Y. Konstantinov (editors)
Hardcover - 397 pages, 1st edition (2006)
Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/Trade ; ISBN: 3540260870
The management of reindeer herds in northernmost Europe has been dramatically altered by changes in the environment, largely the result of human activities. This volume investigates the conditions upon which human-reindeer relations have been based, as well as those necessary for future reindeer management. It consists of three parts: I: Herders and Reindeer: The Cultural and Socioeconomic Dynamics of Human-Animal Relations II: Reindeer Herding - Effects on Soils, Soil Biota, and Vegetation III: Integrative Models for Reindeer Management: The Interface Between Social and Natural Sciences The results of process-oriented field and laboratory studies by scientists are efficaciously supported by those from research involving herders and their experience-based knowledge. In Northern Fennoscandia and Northwest Russia the issue is not just the conservation of the natural environment of reindeer, but also the survival of the Sámi, the northern indigenous people who herd them.
Traditional knowledge, culture and land use of Indigenous Peoples of the North.
Edited by RAIPON in cooperation with CSIPN. Drawings: Murashko О.А.
Manual for organisation of work with documents. Holding meetings and negotiations [Организация работы с документами. Проведение совещаний и переговоров]
Edited by CSIPN. Drawings: Bocharnikova Т. B.
Issue 9. Moscow, 2005. 54 p.
A manual for communities of indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and Far East of the Russian Federation.
Considerations for indigenous peoples in decision-making on georesources [ Учет интересов коренных малочисленных народов при принятии решений в сфере недропользования]
Kryukov V.А., Tokarev А.N.
Issue 10. Moscow, 2005. 172 p.
The aim of this book is developing basic abilities to become more successful and effective in asserting the interests of indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East with respect to drilling projects in territories of traditional land use, taking into account Russian and foreign experience.
Indigenous peoples and international cooperation [Коренные народы и международное сотрудничество]
Issue 11. Мoscow, 2005. 74 p.
This book is intended to teach the reader knowledge about some of the most important mechanisms, which concern indigenous peoples. These mechanisms are adduced in the form of short descriptions of those organisations, which are in charge of making international conventions, policy, programmes and projects.
Encyclopedia of indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of Russian Federation [ Энциклопедия коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации]
Turaev V.А., Sulyandziga R.V., Sulyandziga P.V., Bocharnikov V.N.
Мoscow, 2005. 464 p.
The Arctic: Land and People. Analysis of National Land Policy of Northern Federations.
[Воспроизводится по тексту: Беликович А.В. Арктика: земля и люди. Анализ национальной земельной политики северных федераций.]
A.V. Belikovich, 1995 (Reprint 2004. In Russian.)
Magadan: SVHC DVO RAN, 1995, 128 pp. (Volume NIC “Chukotka”, Ed. 3).
Life has made an experiment with Arctic people, having forced them to become a component of greater states, not only administratively, but also politically and culturally. The citizens of these states – among them, the greatest of the world powers – are predominantly settled in more southern latitudes and have a “Western” lifestyle. What has come out of these collisions of different civilisations in terms of how the environment was impacted and the technological development of the peoples involved? The book attempts to analyse the results of this socio-political experiment in various countries, choosing the land as the core around which all the events develop.
There are three types of indigenous peoples’ organisations in the Arctic: economic, political and administrative-territorial ones. In the northern states there are all possible variants of ethnic groups’ national movements for the preservation of their culture and the ways in which they have traditionally managed their natural resources: in one case this has been realised mainly by means of land use agreements, in the other cases indigenous people have accepted the official management system of the state into which they have been integrated. The book offers reflections on a possible combination of these movements under our – Russian – conditions.
Practical Dictionary of Siberia and the North
Akbaljan E., Golubchikova V., Khvtisiashvili Z.
Publications Maecenas, Paris 2004. 1104 pages, hard cover. ISBN 5-98797-002-4.
“Practical Dictionary of Siberia and the North” is the first book to embrace the history, nature, geography and economy of the world’s circumpolar region (Siberia, Scandinavia, Canada, Alaska, the North Pole, Northern Russia, Greenland). Northern peoples are also covered, including ethnographic data on numerically small indigenous peoples. The dictionary contains 500 black-and-white illustrations and three colour inserts with Northern maps, flora and fauna, and clothing of Northern peoples.
The publication is offered in two languages, English and Russian, with an attached CD containing 2,000 more illustrations, photos, and maps, as well as sound tracks with samples of Northern ethnic music.
Russian language edition: Severnaya entsiklopediya.
Evropeyskie izdaniya, Moscow 2004. 1200 pages, hard cover. ISBN 5-98797-001-6.
Additional info about this book:
English edition: http://www.ruslania.com/context-161/entity-1/details-5472/language-1.html
Russian edition: http://www.ruslania.com/context-161/entity-1/details-5368/language-1.html
The Predicament of Chukotka's Indigenous Movement. Post-Soviet Activism in the Russian Far North
Patty A. Gray
University of Alaska, Fairbanks, November 2004. 302 pages. Hardback. ISBN-10: 0521823463 | ISBN-13: 9780521823463
This is the first ethnography of the Russian North to focus on post-Soviet relations of domination between an indigenous minority and a non-indigenous majority in an urban setting. Patty Gray charts political transformations in Chukotka as its administration sought to represent itself as “democratic” while becoming ever more repressive, especially toward the indigenous population. The “predicament” refers to how the nascent indigenous movement was prepared to address Soviet-style domination, and instead was confronted with this “new Russian” style.
Order in North America:
Order in Europe:
Chukotka Past and Present. [Tjukota i fortid og nutid]
Edited by: Bent Nielsen
(6 articles in Danish, 1 article in English)
Department of Eskimology and Arctic Studies, University of Copenhagen, 2005. ISBN 87-87874-21-0
In this publication, seven Danish scholars give presentations on Chukotka. Every article has a different focus (archaeology, history, linguistics, philology, socio-linguistics, and anthropology). The reader is offered a wide range of information and research concerning Chukotka and its population.
Adda Schack, Department of Eskimology and Arctic Studies, Strandgade 100H, DK-1401 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Phone: (+45) 35 32 96 70
unter dem Sternbild der Grossen Bärin
beneath the constellation of the Great Bear[ess]
под созвездием Большой Медведицы
2005. Copies can be obtained from the author at email@example.com. Price: 18 €, Russia 200 RUB, plus postage
A booklet with a short introductory text in German, English and Russian and the artist’s photographs of “Prazdnik Severa” (Festival of the North) in 2004. Indigenous people from the Kola Peninsula gather in Murmansk for this annual festival . The book is the result of an art project and informs readers about mythology, the author’s own history, and the Saami as a people between systems: that of wealthy Scandinavia on one side and and on the other that of the dramatically run-down Russia. The very hard living conditions on the Russian side exemplify the situation of many small-numbered indigenous peoples in Siberia.
SERIES: LIBRARY OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE NORTH (RUSSIAN INDIGENOUS TRAINING CENTER, RITC):
Economic and managerial foundations of the activities of the organization
Manual for Communities of Indigenous Peoples of the North,
Indigenous peoples of the North: Lessons of self-organization and social partnership.
Series: Library of Indigenous Peoples of the North, vol. 2.
The rights of the indigenous peoples of the North to the land and natural resources: Effective utilization and joint management.
Series: Library of Indigenous Peoples of the North, vol. 3. Moscow, 2005. 89 pp. (RITC)
Book keeping and taxation
Ed.: T.B. Bocharnikova
Textbook for indigenous communities of
Series: Library of Indigenous Peoples of the North, vol. 4.
Working with donor organisations
Handbook for indigenous communities of
Series: Library of Indigenous Peoples of the North, vol. 5.
Review of international law and standards on human rights, sustainable development and protection of the rights of indigeous peoples
Eds.: P.V. Sulyandziga & M.A. Todyshev
Series: Library of Indigenous Peoples of the North, vol. 6.
Review of activities of special agencies of the United Nations concerning indigenous peoples.
Edited by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Series: Library of Indigenous Peoples of the North, vol. 7.
Review of laws and statutory acts of the Arctic countries protecting the rights of indigenous peoples: Agreements and resolutions
Ed.: P.V. Sulyandziga
Series: Library of Indigenous Peoples of the North, vol. 8.
ARCTIC HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2004
Stefansson Arctic Institute, under the auspices of the Islandic Chairmanship of the Arctic Council 2002-2004
The Arctic Human Development Report is the first comprehensive assessment of human well-being covering the entire Arctic region. Mandated under the Arctic Council’s 2002 Ministerial Declaration as a “priority project” designed to provide a “comprehensive knowledge base” for the work of the Council’s Sustainable Development Programme, the AHDR was a centerpiece of the Icelandic Chairmanship of the Arctic Council during 2002-2004.
The report contains 11 substantive chapters, an introduction, a conclusion and a Summary of Major Findings. Based on contributions from some 90 scientists located in all the members of the Arctic Council and coordinated by a secretariat based at the Stefansson Arctic Institute in
According to the AHDR, “Arctic societies have a well-deserved reputation for resilience in the face of change. But today they are facing an unprecedented combination of rapid and stressful changes” involving both environmental forces like climate change and socioeconomic pressures associated with globalization
Under the circumstances, it is particularly noteworthy that the “… Arctic has become a leader in the development of innovative political and legal arrangements,” including co-management regimes governing the use of natural resources, collaborative arrangements designed to facilitate cooperation between public governments and indigenous peoples organizations, and transnational arrangements like the Northern Forum and the Arctic Council itself.
More information can be found at http://www.svs.is/AHDR/.
Copies can be orderd at firstname.lastname@example.org. Cost: 28
IN THE WAY OF DEVELOPMENT
Edited by Mario Blaser, Harvey A. Feit & Glenn McRae
Paperback, 384 pp.
Purchase book online: Zed Books (http://www.zedbooks.co.uk/)
“This book brings together very insightful analyses of indigenous experience and strategies in the context of globalization from several continents and a number of theoretical perspectives. There are broad similarities making this a common struggle but the solutions arise from people solving problems in local contexts. Read this book and you will see that the debate is a very important one for the furtherance of human rights, for the future of these ancient traditions, and for the promotion of cultural, political and economic diversity everywhere.” (Grand Chief Dr Ted Moses, Grand Council of the Crees [Eeyou Istchee])
Indigenous peoples today are enmeshed in the expanding modern economy, subject to the pressures of both market and government. This book takes indigenous peoples as actors, not victims, as its starting point in analyzing this interaction. It assembles a rich diversity of statements, case studies, and wider thematic explorations, primarily from
THE RIGHT TO A DECENT ENVIRONMENT: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (NIEM/Arctic Centre)
Cost: 32.90 Euros (43.00 USD)
This publication is part of the joint project between NIEM, the law department of the
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES. RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Edited by Svein Jentoft, Henry Minde & Ragnar Nilsen
Eburon publisher 2003, 315 pp. ISBN 90-516G-978-x
Cost: € 27,50
Indigenous peoples are under heavy pressure from developments beyond their control. Since the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, а legal process within the auspices of the UN has been underway that may help indigenous peoples to sustain their natural environment, industries, and cultures. This book addresses some of the legal, political and institutional implications of these processes. Are the processes providing indigenous peoples with а more solid foundation for protecting their natural environment and culture? The international group of authors of the essays included draw on examples from different parts of the world, which highlight the issues that are involved in indigenous peoples’ struggle for control of their lives and their future.
To order the book:
Centre for Saami Studies: www.sami.uit.no
Eburon Academic Publishers: www.eburon.nl
(English and Russian language editions)
A. Bambulyak & B. Frantzen, Svanhovd Environmental Centre
You can download the report as a PDF file or order a printed copy at: http://www.svanhovd.no
Oil transportation along the
In 2002 there was a dramatic increase of oil volumes shipped from
In 2003, Svanhovd Environmental Centre published the first report “Oil transport from the Russian part of the Barents Region” where we described the existing and planned oil terminals in the Russian part of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region. The purpose of this extended and updated report is to provide the reader with new and additional information. We believe this is of crucial importance as the organisation of the oil shipment through the
For more information, please, contact the authors:
Alexei Bambulyak, phone (mob.) +7 9217 260468, e-mail email@example.com
Bjørn Frantzen, phone (mob.) +47 9154 1188, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
An independent expert report has been prepared by the leading specialists of
The book is designed for specialists on the problems of the North, practical workers of northern regions and all those who care for the life of indigenous peoples of the Russian North.
PROTECTION OF THE HISTORICAL ENVIRONMENT
The publication presents the legislative initiatives of the public movement Association of the Nenets People Yasavey, which aims to protect the historical environment and traditional lifestyle of indigenous peoples of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug communicated by the Association to the Assembly of the Deputies of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
The legislative initiatives have been prepared with the support of the Association of the Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation with the participation of G.P. Fedorova, an adviser of the Nationalities Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, and O.A. Murashko, expert of the Nationalities Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Federation.
The publication is recommended to associations of indigenous peoples and relevant state authorities of the
THE SACRED SITES OF THE
Editors: Tamara Semenova, Stanislav Belikov. In Russian.
The Report and supplements have been published on the RAIPON website: www.raipon.org
The book discusses the results of the project The Conservation Value of Sacred Sites of Indigenous Peoples of the
The publication contains information from the final report of the project supported by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency, data on the studies performed in two model areas: the Yamalo-Nentskiy Autonomous Okrug and Koryak Autonomous Okrug by representatives of indigenous peoples.
The publication is of interest to a wide range of readers: indigenous communities, students of the traditional culture of indigenous peoples, governmental organizations and NGOs concerned with natural and cultural heritage conservation.
THE VOLUNTARY GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF AGUEI-GU IN CONDUCTING CULTURAL, ENVIRONMENTAL
Moscow., 2004. - 36 pp. In Russian.
The booklet is recommended as a manual for governmental organizations and NGOs in solving the problems of making assessments of cultural, environmental and social consequences of the implementation of projects in residence areas of the indigenous peoples of the North,
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES UNDER CONDITIONS OF INTENSIVE EXPLOITATION OF ENERGY RESOURCES OF THE KHANTY-MANSIYSKIY AUTONOMOUS OKRUG: PRESENT CONDITIONS
Ed. by A.M. Letuvninkas. - Tomsk: Tomsk University Publ. 2003. - 172 pp. 11 color illustrations. In Russian.
The problem addresses the combination in the present-day industrial society of the three following factors: exploitation of energy and mineral resources, environmental protection and survival of indigenous peoples of the North, as exemplified by the Khanty-Mansiyskiy Autonomous Okrug. Two major problems are considered: the eco-geochemical condition of the environment of the indigenous peoples of the North of the Khanty-Mansiyskiy Autonomous Okrug; and conflicts between the subsoil users and indigenous Northern people over joint utilization of natural resources.
Designed for a wide range of readers: researchers, ecologists, economists, sociologists, students and all those interested in the development of the Yugor Region.
Institute of Coal and Coal Chemistry Studies, Siberian Division,
Kemerovo, 2003. - 356 pp. In Russian.
This monograph discusses the results of long-term studies of nature and the population of the
The present monograph is the first stage of the ongoing research program: Integrated Expedition for Kuzbas Research.
THE REGIONAL ETHNIC POLICY: HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Institute of Coal and Coal Chemistry Studies, Siberian Division of the
Kemerovo, vol. 2., 2003. - 302 pp. In Russian.
The collected papers include the materials of the international conference «Regional Ethnic Policy: Historical Experiences and Assessment Criteria», held by the Department of Ethnic Policy and Social Relations on 23-26 November 2002 in the city of
The interim results of studies on these problems were first published in 2000: Traditional Systems of Subsistence and Regional Ethnic Policy, edited by A.N. Sadovnikov and M.N. Gemuev. Novosibirsk. Sibrerian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, vol.1.
THE REINDEER IS ALWAYS RIGHT. INVESTIGATIONS IN LEGAL ANTHROPOLOGY.
Exec. Ed. N.I. Novikova.
Moscow. Strategiya Publ., 2003. - 320 pp. In Russian.
The collected papers are based on lectures delivered at the Third International Summer School on Legal Anthropology (19-24 August, Saint-Petersburg - Pushkin). The school was concerned with the protection and utilization of natural resources and the rights of indigenous peoples to reindeer herding as their current subsistence base. The lecturers analyzed the solution to this problem in terms of international law as well as in terms of the ethnic common law of
The book is of interest to politicians, lawyers, ethnographers, historians and activists of ethnic and cultural movements.
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES. RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Indigenous peoples are under heavy pressure from developments beyond their control. Since the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, а legal process within the auspices of the UN has been underway that may help indigenous peoples to sustain their natural environment, industries, and cultures. This book addresses some of the legal, political and institutional implications of these processes. Are the processes providing indigenous peoples with а more solid foundation for protecting their natural environment and culture? The international group of authors of the essays included draw on examples from different parts of the world, which highlight the issues that are involved in indigenous peoples' struggle for control of their lives and their future.
То order the book:
Eburon Academic Publishers: http://www.eburon.nl
BIG OIL PLAYGROUND, RUSSIAN BEAR PRESERVE OR EUROPEAN PERIPHERY?
The Russian Barents
Bjørn Brunstad, Eivind Magnus, Philip Swanson, Geir Hønneland, and Indra Øverland. Eburon Academic Publishers, 2004. The final book from the ”Barents Russia 2015 Scenario Project”. ISBN 90 5972 039 3. 212 pages.
In the northwestern corner of
То order the book:
Eburon Academic Publishers: http://www.eburon.nl
Edited by T. Koivurova, T. Joona, and R. Shnoro, Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law Arctic Centre,
The book deals with social science and, in particular, legal perspectives on Arctic issues. It is subdivided into four parts: 1. International governance in the Arctic, 2. Indigenous peoples and governance, with special reference to the Arctic, and 3. Environmental governance in the Arctic.
To order the book, please contact Marja Collins, Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, e-mail: email@example.com
For further information about Arctic Centre Publications, please go to:
PEOPLE OF THE FAR NORTH.
[original title: PEUPLES DU GRAND NORD]
By Patrick Plumet, 2 volumes (ISBN: 2-87772-270-8 and ISBN: 2-87772-276-7), 2004, in French.
Volume I: From myths to prehistory. Topics includes: Myth, fantasy, and science in the
Volume II: Toward the "Eskimo" - From mammoths to whales. Topics includes: Life in the Far North of
For further information including French and English summaries, see at: http://www.unites.uqam.ca/tuvaaluk/accueil/PresentAng.html
PERSISTENT TOXIC SUBSTANCES,
A joint project established by RAIPON (Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North,
The AMAP Assessments have documented how persistent toxic substances (PTS) have a tendency to be transported to, and accumulate in the Arctic region. They also describe how Arctic ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to exposure to PTS, and why certain Arctic indigenous communities in
Preliminary studies in the Russian Arctic upto 1998 showed that environmental levels of PTS can be significantly elevated, however the data were sparse and many areas of the Russian Arctic were not covered in these studies. At the same time, as a result of economic changes in
Further information: http://www.amap.no/Resources/PTS_project.htm#PTSrelease
DICTIONARY OF LANGUAGE OF THE ESKIMOS OF NAUKANSK (СЛОВАРЬ ЯЗЫКА НАУКАНСКИХ ЭСКИМОСОВ)
Authors: E.V. Golovko, E.A. Dobrieva, S. Dzheykobson, M. Krauss. Editor: S. Dzheykobson.
Centre for the Study of Eskimo Languages,
The edition represents a Naukansk-Russian part of the dictionary, with Naukansk written with Cyrillic orthography. The volume consists of six sections:
1) a basic section consisting of Naukansk roots, listed in alphabetic order;
2) a section including only “doubtful” Naukansk words, i.e. words on which the authors do not fully rely;
3) a section including nonvalidated Naukansk words from old written sources;
4) section of Naukansk word-forming suffixes including a small enclitic;
5) a Russian-Naukansk index;
6) a section of Naukansk typonyms.
The Naukansk language is spoken in the extreme northeast of Chukotka, at
OUR WORDS PUT TO PAPER
Compiled by Igor Krupnik and Lars Krutak. Edited by Igor Krupnik, Willis Walunga and Vera Metcalf. Published by the
This project was motivated by a shared understanding that residents of the North should have free access to all documentary resources related to their culture and history. This includes, first of all, historical memories shared by community members, enshrined by “oral knowledge”. The second part of cultural legacy is the stock of historical documentary records relating to Native communities. The latter is preserved in the form of old archival documents, census materials, unpublished written notes, and variuos early publications.
PARTICIPATION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN THE POLITICAL
Edited by O.A. Murashko.
Collection of material of the International Round Table "Indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North,
The collection includes reports of participants of the International Round Table, analyzing experiences from parliamentarism (representation) of indigenous peoples of
Edited by: Igor Krupnik, Henry Huntington, Chritopher Koonooka, and George Noongwook.
This book is the product of a joint four-year effort by subsistence hunters from two Yup’ik communities on St. Lawrence Island, Alaska and northern scholars researching Arctic climate change. Its title, Watching Ice and Weather Our Way, reflects the project team’s belief that northern communities and polar scholars can both benefit tremendously from one another. The book illustrates the richness and the value of traditional knowledge presented by the most experienced elders in two Yupik communities.
Yu.A. Sleptsov. Edited by N.T. Ivanov. YAGU
The book provides a glance into the surprising and fine world of the indigenous inhabitants of the boundless open spaces of the
“Devoted to the heroic Chukchi people.” With these words begins A.K. Nefyodkina's
WARFARE OF THE CHUKCHI IN THE MID-17TH – EARLY 20TH CENTURY (ВОЕННОЕ ДЕЛО ЧУКЧЕЙ (СЕРЕДИНА XVII – XX ВВ.)
The edition considers the various parties of military skills of the Chukchi to the entire extent known to us through written and other sources of the epoch from the second half of the 17th century when the Chukchi for the first time collided with the Siberian cossacks, and down to the beginning of the 20th century, when still there were collisions on grounds of by blood feud. Data on adjacent peoples, the Asian and American eskimos, Koryaks and Russians are included, allowing to access better the features of the military skills of the Chukchi. The book is the first in a histography devoted to the military skills of the Chukchi. It is useful not only to expert ethnographers, but also to the broad audience of readers who are interested in military skills.
Edited by Takashi Irimoto and Takako Yamada
In English. National, Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, Japan 2004.
Series: Senri Ethnological Studies no 66. 414 pp.
The book can be ordered from: The National Museum of Ethnology, Senri Expo Park, Suita, Osaka 565-8511, JAPAN
This book has a wide range of articles on several issues concerning ethnicity and identity in the Circumpolar North, and consists of five main parts: I. Ainu in Japan, II. Alaskan Eskimos and Canadian Inuit, III. North American Natives, IV. North Asian and Siberian Peoples, V. Mongols and Saami.
THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST: A REFERENCE GUIDE FOR CONSERVATION
By: Josh Newell
In English. Danial & Daniel Publ. Inc., McKinleyville, California. 468 pages (including 16 in color), ISDN 1-880284-76-6 (hardcover), 1-880284-75-8 (paperback), Price: $99.95 (hardback), $79.95 (paperback).
Online orders: http://www.rfebook.com/
"The Russian Far East" overviews and analyzes the region's geography and ecology, natural resources, major industries, infrastructure, foreign trade, demographics, protected area system, and legal structure. Particular attention is devoted to how the region can develop in an environmentally sustainable way.
The book also includes contributions from an interdisciplinary team of ninety specialists from Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom.
The book is divided into eleven chapters. The first chapter summarizes the Russian Far East as a whole, while each of the remaining chapters deal with an administrative region within the Russian Far East. All of the chapters are divided into identical sections to simplify comparison among the regions.
Reference: Region-by-region summaries of geography, climate, flora and fauna, population, political status, resources, industries, infrastructure, and trade.
Expert Analysis: The ninety contributing authors range from botanists to economists, geologists to environmental activists.
Maps: More than fifty maps, many in color, depict administrative districts and indigenous peoples' lands, protected areas, mineral deposits, timber resources, fisheries, and oil and gas developments.
Tables and Charts: Tables and figures provide the reader with a wealth of useful, hard-to-find statistics. Statistics cover population, industrial production, foreign investment, and trade.
Photography: Spectacular photos from some of the region's best photographers.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE DEFENCE OF TRADITIONAL NATURE-USE RIGHTS OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF RUSSIA
(orig. title: РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО ЗАЩИТЕ ПРАВ КОРЕННЫХ МАЛОЧИСЛЕННЫХ НАРОДОВ РОССИИ НА ТРАДИЦИОННОЕ ПРИРОДОПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ)
Edited by V.L. Mischenko, cand. jurid. sci.
“Ekoyuris” Institute of eEco-Juridical Problems; Moscow, 2000.
Distributed for free through the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, 119415 Moscow, P.O.B. 110.
A collection prepared by the lawyers of the “Ekoyuris” Institute of Eco-Juridical Problems with financial support of the Institute “Open Society”. The collection comprises recommendations for the realisation of constitutional rights of the indigenous peoples of Russia, as well as texts of the main regulations on clan communities and their associations, compiled by state institutions’ specialists on problems of indigenous peoples of Russia.
EXPERIENCES WITH ETHNOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT
(orig. title: ОПЫТ ПРОВЕДЕНИЯ ЭТНОЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ ЭКСПЕРТИЗЫ)
Edited by O.A. Murashko
Distributed through the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, 119415 Moscow, P.O.B. 110.
An assessment of potential impacts of the prospecting programmes of OAO “Gazprom” in the waters of the Ob and Taz bays on the sustainable development factors concerning indigenous peoples. The volume has been prepared at the behest of RAIPON. It contains results of ethnological assessments of concrete projects and recommendations for carrying out ethnological impact assessments for the industrial exploaitation of natural resources with effects on the ethno-cultural environment of traditional, indigenous homelands.
CUSTOM AND LAW. STUDIES IN LEGAL ANTHROPOLOGY
(orig. title: ОБЫЧАЙ И ЗАКОН. ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ ПО ЮРИДИЧЕСКОЙ АНТРОПОЛОГИИ)
Chief editors: N.I. Novikova, V.A. Tishkov
Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Publ. house “Strategy”, 2002. 393 pp. ISBN 5-9234-0021-9
For more information see: http://jurant.iea.ras.ru/publ/custlaw2002/content.htm
This collection of articles has been prepared on the basis of lectures read at the Second international summer school of legal anthropology. The school was dedicated to protecting and using natural resources, the right to biologically renewable resources by the indigenous peoples under contemporary conditions, and also how these problems are solved in international law as well as in national and customary law of Russia and Canada. The originality of this school lay in the priority given to issues of court protection of indigenous peoples’ rights and possibilities of out-of-court solutions through negotiations, etc.
This book is of interest to politicians, lawyers, ethnographers, historians and activists of national and cultural movements.
THE SÁMI PEOPLE - TRADITIONS IN TRANSITION
Kustannus-Puntsi Publishers, Aanaar/Inari, Sápmi, Finland, 2002. 139 pp., richly illustrated. ISBN 952-5343-11-1
Price: EUR 20.00 plus postage.
For more information and to order the book see: http://www.puntsi.fi/sami.htm
Sámi culture has undergone powerful changes recently. Traditions have been integrated with contemporary influences and perspectives. New kinds of Sámi participation and activism have evolved including innovative politics, informative media, expressive art and literature.
Accommodating internal and external changes is nothing novel to the Sámi. The dialogue between what is traditional and what is modern is a natural part of their development towards the maintenance of Sámi cultural distinctness.
Veli-Pekka Lehtola (Ph.D.), senior research fellow in the Giellagas Institute at the University of Oulu (Oulu, Finland), has published several articles concerning Sámi culture, history and anthropology. In 1997 he received the prestigious Israel Ruong prize for his scientific contributions as a distinguished Sámi scholar.
MANY FACES OF GENDER:
ROLES AND RELATIONSHIPS THROUGH TIME IN INDIGENOUS NORTHERN COMMUNITIES
Edited by Lisa Frink, Rita S. Shepard, and Gregory A. Reinhardt
1) University Press of Colorado: Hardcover ISBN 0-87081-677-2, $45.00; Paperback ISBN 0-87081-687-X $19.95
2) University of Calgary Press: Paperback (Northern Lights, vol.2), ISBN 1-55238-093-9
232 pp., 8 black & white photographs, 16 line drawing, 13 tables, 1 map
For more information or to order see: http://www.upcolorado.com or http://www.uofcpress.com
Many Faces of Gender is an interdisciplinary volume that seeks to address the dearth of descriptions and analysis of gender roles and relationships in Native societies in the far North. This collection complements existing conceptual frameworks and develops new methodological and theoretical approaches that more fully articulate the complex nature of social, economic, political, and material relationships between men and women in indigenous northern communities. The contributors challenge the widespread notion that Native women's and men's roles have been frozen in time, a concept that precludes the possibility of differently constituted gendered categories and changing power relations and roles through time. By examining the pre-historical, historical, and modern records, they demonstrate that these roles are not fixed and have indeed gradually transformed.
Many Faces of Gender is ideal for anthropologists, archaeologists and others with an interest in historical anthropology and archaeology, cultural studies, gender studies, women's studies, and household and lithic studies.
RUNNING WITH REINDEER: ENCOUNTERS IN RUSSIAN LAPLAND
Bookpoint, Oxfordshire, 2003. 365 pp. Illustrated. Hardback. Price: £18.99. ISBN 0 7195 5736 4
Orders to: phone: +44-1235 400 400, fax: +44-1235 400 500
Russian Lapland, a region of amazing contrasts. Here lies the last true wilderness of Europe, a rich and pristine ecosystem teeming with bird and animal life. But here too lie the dark, satanic mills of the former Soviet Union and the rotting remnants of the Northern Fleet's nuclear submarines. Despite its strategic importance to the Allies during both World Wars, Russian Lapland - renamed Murmansk Region and now frequently referred to as the Kola Peninsula - remained a forgotten corner of Europe, inaccessible to foreign visitors, until perestroika. Running with reindeer is the first English account of life in this harsh but beautiful land for over a century.
Roger Took is almost certainly the first foreigner since the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920 to have explored the region extensively, witnessing at first hand the disturbing aftermath of communism. Living among remote reindeer-herding and hunting families, he follows the lives and traditions of the indigenous Lapps, or Saami. He meets pioneering villagers descended from medieval Novgorod fur-traders who are now learning to cope with the new economy, and the men and women originally forced north to mine Russian Lapland's fabulous mineral wealth but now unemployed and stranded.
His arduous adventures take him to a lost Eden - home to bears, elk, reindeer and birds of prey, and fish that anglers dream of. And, avoiding the still vigilant security services, he explores the naval bases where nuclear-powered submarines are lying dangerously neglected.
His encounters with the land and its inhabitants are dramatic and comical as well as emotionally disturbing and at times physically dangerous. Moving between the lines of the official histories, coping with arduous Arctic condition and avoiding the vigilant state security services, he writes compellingly. The result is a vivid account of a unique part of Europe.
THE TROUBLED TAIGA: SURVIVAL ON THE MOVE FOR THE LAST NOMADIC REINDEER HERDERS OF SOUTH SIBERIA, MONGOLIA, AND CHINA
Journal: Cultural Survival Quarterly, Spring 2003
For more information and orders: Sofia Flynn Publications, Cultural Survival, 215 Prospect Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
phone: (+1)-617 441-5406, fax: (+1)-617 441-5417, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The reindeer-herding peoples who make up the South-Siberian and Mongolian Reindeer-Herding Complex include the Dukha of northwestern Mongolia; the Tozhu, Tofa, and Soyot in south Siberia; and the Evenki, who range throughout south Siberia and into the northern tip of China's Inner Mongolia province. They use reindeer predominantly as pack and riding animals to facilitate their hunting, and as a source of milk products. While each of these peoples is ethnically and culturally distinct, they are all confronting threats to their cultural survival, including transitions to market-based economies, land privatization, mineral extraction, tourism, global warming, language endangerment and loss, and assimilation into the dominant Russian, Mongolian, and Chinese cultures. This issue of Cultural Survival Quarterly is a collaborative effort among Russian, Western, and indigenous experts to give much-needed exposure to these endangered cultures and to initiate discussion about some possible solutions.
KAMPEN OM TUNDRAEN. NENETSERNE OG DERES HISTORIE
(THE STRUGGLE FOR THE TUNDRA. THE NENETS AND THEIR HISTORY)
In Norwegian, summary in English, Saami and Russian
Nordic Saami Institute, Dieđut series No. 4/2002. 180 pp., 40 illustrations, 4 maps.
ISBN: 82-7367-008-2. ISSN: 0332-7779. Price: NOK 280,- http://www.ravna.com; http://www.nsi.no
The book deals with the history and present of the Nenets, of 40 indigenous peoples of the Russian North, Siberia and Far East. It looks at the present and the juridical status of this indigenous people as a minority within the Russian Federation.
Even though the author has followed the standards for scientific publications, he has managed to make the dramatic history and present situation of the Nenets appear alive and accessible. For people interested in indigenous peoples and Arctic history, this book is a must. Since ancient times, the Nenets and Saami peoples have been neighbours, and they are related through language and culture. Long-time adaptation to Arctic climate has led to the Nenets possessing what is probably the most specialised reindeer husbandry culture in the Northern areas. For several centuries, the Nenets attempted to withstand the onslaught of the Russian colonists. Ultimately this was a fight they were destined to lose, however violently they resisted (even up to the present there have been riots); the Soviets came to the tundra in the 1920s with schools and educational programmes, but also with collectivisation, linguistic and cultural suppression.
In this book, the author focuses on this little-known anti-colonisation struggle, a fight not unlike that of the North American Indians, who also fought for their land areas and strived to protect their way of life. The author also analyses the present situation, the struggle to re-establish private reindeer husbandry, and the juridical status after Russia passed a constitutional law aiming at the protection of its indigenous peoples. The book is illustrated with many illustrations and several maps, an index, and a detailed table of contents.
Govert de Groot, Arctic Peoples Alert
NARRATING THE ARCTIC. A CULTURAL HISTORY OF NORDIC SCIENTIFIC PRACTICES
Michael Bravo & Sverker Sörlin, eds.
Published in 2002. 384 pp., illustrated.ISBN 0-88135-385-X. Price: US$ 39.95, UK£ 25.00.
To order this book see: http://www.amazon.com; http://www.shpusa.com/books/arctic.html; http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk
Arctic exploration has long been treated as a history of heroes, left by and large to writers of popular non-fiction. A new interest in the Arctic as an arena for questions concerning the interplay of science, national aspiration, and aboriginal rights, has recently emerged. Narrating the Arctic reflects this shift within modern history writing. With its coverage of themes such as travel, geopolitics, nationalism, and colonial field practice the book also intersects with growing or emerging topics within cultural, ethnic, and political history. This book demonstrates how two Nordic nations have to a large extent shaped their identities, and legitimated their interests, through narratives of northern exploration and colonisation. Inuit and Saami have been prominent in these narratives. At the same time native populations and postcolonial fiction have articulated counter-narratives and alternative routes to the past and to the future. This is also an attempt to approach the politics of science from a cultural perspective. The authors – historians of science, anthropologists, postcolonial geographers, and literary scholars – examine the role of scientists, missionaries, and other Arctic field workers in shaping narratives through their practices of telling stories of places and peoples.
THUNDER ON THE TUNDRA. INUIT QAUJIMAJATUQANGIT OF THE BATHURST CARIBOU
Natasha Thorpe, Naikak Hakongak, Sandra Eyegetok & the Kitikmeot Elders
Published: 2002. 200 pp., illustrated.
ISBN: 0-9689636-0-9. Price: CND$ 39.25 plus $2.75 GST; S&H: $8 (Canada); $15 (USA); $22 (other)
To order please contact: Natasha Thorpe, 231 Irving Road, Victoria, BC V8S 4A1 Canada, Phone: 250/995-9388. Email: email@example.com; http://www3.telus.net/tuktu.
Inuit elders share their insights of caribou and explore the link between Qitirmiut and caribou.
Caribou have always been central to Inuit identity, subsistence, culture and tradition. From 1996 through 2001, the Tuktu and Nogak Project brought together elders, hunters, youth and researchers to record stories about the Bathurst caribou and their calving grounds. Thunder on the Tundra is one result of this project. Based on more than thirty-seven interviews, this chronicle provides a fascinating view into the world of caribou as understood by Inuit from the Kitikmeot region of Nunavut. In the words and illustrations of the people themselves, it presents Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (IQ), traditional knowledge, for the benefit of present and future generations.
This 200-page collection includes over 100 drawings, photos and maps and was illustrated by local elders and youth. Well-known northerners and arctic photographers, Paul Nicklen and David Pelly, contributed their photos, while northerner Lynn O'Rourke provided her graphic design talent. This work is the result of a community effort that was made possible through the dedication and hard work of many people and the support of several generous agencies.
THE EARTH IS FASTER NOW: INDIGENOUS OBSERVATIONS OF ARCTIC ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE
Krupnik, Igor & Jolly, Dyanna (eds.)
Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS), Fairbanks, Alaska, 2002. 384 pp. ISBN 0-9720449-0-6. Price: US$ 20.-
"The Earth is Faster Now" reviews major individual studies on indigenous knowledge and climate change undertaken during the past few years, primarily in North America. The volume offers a comparative survey of research practices and paradigms used in current documentation studies of indigenous knowledge, and a general assessment of the field and of the data collected. The text is accompanied by local observations, quotations from interviews, personal observations, illustrations, and photographs. Contributors include well-known academic researchers and Native people from Canada, Finland, and the United States. The publication is designed to be useful to both researchers and communities as a tool for networking and communication.
To order a copy, download (http://www.arcus.org/EIFN/index.html) and print the order form and enclose a check or money order in U.S. dollars for $20 per copy. Discounts are available for resellers and for orders of 10 or more copies. To ask about discounts, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org, phone 907/474-1600, or fax 907/474-1604. For more information about the publication described here, please contact ARCUS Project Manager Sue Mitchell at: phone: 907/474-1600, fax: 907/474-1604, Email: email@example.com
ARCTIC POLLUTION 2002
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP)Published by the AMAP Secretariat, Oslo, 2002. Illustrated. 112 pp.
This is the second report of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, mainly focussing on persistent organis pollutants (POPs), heavy metals, radioactivity, human health and changing pathways in the Arctic environment.
The report can be order from AMAP; P.O.Box 8100, N-0032 Oslo, Norway, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org, or downloaded from the website http://www.amap.no.
INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES ACROSS THE COMMUNITY
B.J.Burnaby & J.A. Reyhner (eds.)
Northern Arizona University. Flagstaff, Arizona, 2002. 264 pp. ISBN 0-9670554-2-3. Price is US$ 15.-
Since 1994, the Stabilizing Indigenous Languages Conferences have provided an unparalleled opportunity for practitioners and scholars dedicated to supporting and developing the endangered indigenous languages of the world. The papers in this volume describe indigenous language efforts in Canada, the United States of America, New Zealand, Zimbabwe, Mexico, Russia, and the Caribbean. They are divided into six sections: Broad perspectives and policy, language and whole community development, educational advances, languages and literacy development, the media, and the meeting of Inuit and Yupik participants. The papers discuss issues such as bilingual education, adult education, literacy, teacher training, orthography and dictionary development, the role of religion and culture, and language planning and advocacy strategies.
REINDEER HERDING IN TRANSITION. REINDEER HERDING IN THE REINDEER HERDERS ASSOCIATION OF KYRÖ IN KITTILÄ AND IN THE COLLECTIVES OF LOVOZERO ON THE KOLA PENINSULA, RUSSIA FROM 1930–1995
Helena Ruotsala (PhD Thesis)
"Volkskundliches Archiv" No. 49, 2002. Helsinki: Finnish Antiquarian Society. Order from Bookstore Tiedekirja, Kirkkokatu 14, FIN-00170 Helsinki, Finland, Tel. +358 9 635 177, FAX +358 9 635 017. E-mail: email@example.com; see: http://www.tsv.fi/engl/bookstor.html
Reindeer herding has been of great significance to the people living in the harsh conditions of the Arctic regions, playing a decisive role in guaranteeing the viability of the sparsely-populated areas. This study focuses on reindeer herding in two different areas, Finnish Lapland and the Kola Peninsula. This is an intriguing approach both because such a comparison has not been done before, and because it offers an important contrast in ethnic construction and maintenance of identity.
The reindeer herders association, or paliskunta, of Kyrö is situated in the fringe area of Sápmi and Finnish Lapland. The reindeer herding collectives on the Kola Peninsula are situated in the villages of Lovozero and Krasnoshchele. The latter have been reorganised during the last decade, transforming in the beginning of the 90s from sovhozes, or collectives, into tovarichestvos, or cooperations. In spite of differing economical and political structures, though, the Finnish and Kola groups have much in common. The working methods in the reindeer forest or on the tundra, as the term is used in Russia, are in principle the same in both places (differences are based on the available technical equipment and distances). Both are also multi-ethnic communities; the reindeer owners in Kyrö belong to Finnish and Saami ethnic groups, while the reindeer herders of the Kola Peninsula belong to Saami, Komi, Nentsy and also Russian ethnicities. Finally, reindeer herds are managed according to traditional ecological knowledge in both regions.
This study is based on extensive fieldwork. The theoretical framework derives from ethnobiology and economical anthropology. There is a highly personal point of view imbued in this study, since the author grew up in the research area. Indeed, the role of the researcher has been deeply analysed in this study. Another innovative aspect of this research is that it studies reindeer herding at the family level. All members of the extended family participate in the economic aspects of reindeer herding. Previous research has overlooked the role of women, children and the elderly in reindeer herding.
The changes in reindeer herding has been analysed according to five different themes: 1) forms of cooperation, the ownership of reindeer and the organisation of reindeer herding; 2) the distribution and marketing of reindeer meat; 3) reindeer herding on a family level (e.g. choice of a career, division of labour and survival strategies of family economies); 4) environmental management; and 5) identity and ethnicity.
During the research period, reindeer herding has undergone a distinctive change from reindeer herding as a natural source of livelihood to that of modern reindeer management. At the same time reindeer herding has been forced to adapt to increased competition in the grazing land from other types of land use, such as tourism, agriculture, waterway construction, forestry, environmental protection, and the arrival of other people. In spite of these changes, reindeer herding still has many cultural and social values. Reindeer herding on the Kola peninsula has been particularly important as a means of survival in the difficult economical situation following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of collectivisation. The future of reindeer herding is unclear in both the Finnish and Russian communities. Lack of labour and the low price of reindeer meat create insecurity. Insufficient pastures (partly due to overgrazing) are a problem mainly in Kyrö.
While reindeer herding is a traditional source of livelihood, it is today a highly mechanised profession, which depends increasingly on technology and on applying rational methods of animal husbandry. Reindeer herding in Kyrö can even be regarded as a form of entrepreneurship. In spite of these economic facts, though, people engage in reindeer herding because it is strongly bound up in identity and traditions, both for the reindeer herders themselves and for their family members.
TOWARDS A NEW MILLENNIUM: TEN YEARS OF THE INDIGENOUS MOVEMENT IN RUSSIA
Th. Køhler & K. Wessendorf, eds.
IWGIA & RAIPON, 2002. 292 pages, ill. ISBN: 87-90730-52-6, ISSN: 0105-4503. Price:
US$ 16.00; GBP 11.20; DKK 120.00 + postage
This book is a collection of articles written by indigenous leaders and politicians from all parts of Russia. The articles outline the history of indigenous peoples' struggle, events and conditions of the recent decade. The indigenous umbrella organisation in Russia, the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON), celebrated its tenth anniversary in 2000, an occasion for looking back at its work during its 10-year history and at the same time looking forward to the new millennium. The articles were originally produced as a book for this occasion. Towards a new Millennium is a translation of the original Russian version of the book and an attempt to strengthen the awareness outside the country of the struggle of indigenous peoples in Russia.
Order at: http://www.iwgia.org/order_book.phtml?id=17
or by contacting the IWGIA's secretariat: firstname.lastname@example.org
THE BEAR AND THE SMALL PEOPLES OF THE NORTH - NARRATIVES ON RUSSIA AND ITS INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
[BJØRNEN OG DE SMÅ FOLK I NORD - BERETNINGER OM RUSLAND OG DETS OPRINDELIGE FOLK]
Aitalina V. Alexeeva & Mads Fægteborg
Natur og Folk i Nord, Copenhagen, 2002. Ca. 300 pp. Price: ca. DKK 300,-.
A new book in Danish on Russia and its indigenous peoples, to be published in June. A small chapter of the book is published as a special edition in the magazine "Sneuglen" (Aitalina V. Alexeeva Fægteborg: "På egen krop", price: DKK 30,-).
Klokkerplads 3, DK-4850 Stubbekøbing
Phone: +45 33130292
Fax: +45 33320992
WORKING WITH ABORIGINAL ELDERS
An Introductory Handbook for Institution-Based and Health Care Professionals
Based on the Teachings of Aboriginal Elders and Cultural Teachers
Jonathan H. Ellerby
Native Studies Press. Winnipeg, 2002. ISBN 0-9686138-2-9. Price: $15.00
Based on the teachings and experience of a select group of local elders and cultural teachers, this manual addresses common and widespread areas of institutional conflict and concern in a manner that identifies solutions and provides information necessary for health care professionals and program administrators to work effectively with elders. Though focused on health care institutional issues, the material is naturally transferable to most institutional settings, including corrections, education, research, and justice.
The first section addresses questions raised by health care professionals working directly with Elders, such as:
- Who is an elder?
- How is an elder trained?
- What does an elder do?
- What is the appropriate protocol when working with an elder?
The second section addresses administrative issues involving Elders, such as: the hiring process, payment, teamwork, confidentiality, and time commitments.
For information contact:
Native Studies Press, 539 Fletcher Argue Bldg., University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, R3T 5V5 Canada
phone: (+1) 204-474-7352
fax: (+1) 204-474-7657
PEOPLES OF THE TUNDRA: NORTHERN SIBERIANS IN THE POST-COMMUNIST TRANSITION
Waveland Press. Prospect Height IL, 2002. Paperback: 208 pages. ISBN: 1577662121. Price: $12.95
Ziker’s account of the Dolgan and Nganasan peoples of the Ust Avam community is a valuable contribution to the Anthropology of post-Socialism, Anthropology of the north, hunter-gatherer studies, and Siberian ethnography. The book provides ethnographic detail on local economic practices, history, demographics, cosmology, land and resource management arrangements, and kinship, and relates these details to larger anthropological debates on human nature, relationships between colonizers and colonized, tradition, and sustainability. The book describes the devastating changes affecting indigenous people in the central Taymyr lowlands created in the wake of the Soviet Unionis collapse, in particular: increasing isolation of remote communities along with a shift to non-market survival strategies; convergence of traditions among the Dolgan and Nganasan; and, increasing socio-economic differentiation between remote communities and urban centers.
Information and orders:
Waveland Press, Inc., PO Box 400, Prospect Heights, IL 60070
phone: (+1) 847-634-0081
fax: (+1) 847-634-9501
ITELMEN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
Michael Dürr, Erich Kasten and Klavdiya Khaloimova
Ethnographic Library on CD - Volume 3. Waxmann Verlag. Münster/New York 2002. ISBN 3-89325-948-1
This CD is one of the outgrowths of a project in which native and western experts collaborate to preserve Itelmen language and traditional culture. The trilingual CD – Itelmen, Russian and English – not only addresses a scholarly audience but also serves pedagogical purposes in Kamchatka. It is based on an illustrated schoolbook, which contains vocabulary and phrases arranged by topic in Southern Itelmen (Khairyuzovo). This material is supplemented by a few texts and selected vocabulary from other dialects. Data are given in written form and as audio. Additional visual materials on Itelmen culture, such as photographs and video clips, are also included.
Dr. Erich Kasten
LANGUAGES OF THE PEOPLES OF THE NORTH IN THE 20TH CENTURY
[ЯЗЫКИ НАРОДОВ СЕВЕРА В ХХ ВЕКЕ]
Essays on language development
Nikolay B. Vakhtin (Вахтин Н.Б.)
St. Petersburg: Dmitriy Bulanin, 2001. 338 pp. ISBN 5-86007-298-8.
The book is devoted to descriptions and analyses of language development processes among the indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of Russia. It consists of two parts. In the first part various published socio-linguistic material on the languages of these peoples is compiled. The material is systematised and arranged in chronological order. This part can possibly be used as a reference work. The second part is devoted to the interpretation of the material: analysis of the causes of ongoing processes, their characteristics and regional particularities with their bearing on contemporary socio-linguistic theories of language development on the basis of economic, social and political changes in the life of the Northern peoples during the past 50-60 years. The book contains not only published material, but also field data from the author's 25 years of work in the Northern regions.
Nikolay Borisovich Vakhtin (Вахтин Николай Борисович)
European University at St. Petersburg
191187 St. Petersburg, Russia
u. Gagarinskaya, d. 3
phone: +7 (812)-275-5257
THE PEOPLES OF THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN THE 2ND HALF OF 90s OF THE 20TH CENTURY
Economy. Culture. Politics.
[НАРОДЫ КРАЙНЕГО СЕВЕРА РОССИИ ВО ВТОРОЙ ПОЛОВИНЕ 90-Х ГОДОВ ХХ В.
Экономика. Культура. Политика.]
Natalina A. Lopulenko (Лопуленко Н.А.)
Review of Russian Press Material. Moscow: Staryy sad, 2000. 342 pp. ISBN 5-89930-033-7.
This book – comprising analytical reviews of articles from the domestic, central Russian and regional press – attempts to introduce contemporary problems of the small-numbered peoples of the Russian North concerning the interaction between ethnic relations and the main social-economic processes in the northern regions.
Natalina Andreevna Lopulenko
Institute of ethnology and anthropology
117334 Moscow, Russia
Leninskiy pr. 32 А
TRADITIONAL REINDEER-HERDING IN TAYMYR
[ТРАДИЦИОННОЕ ОЛЕНЕВОДЧЕСКО-ПРОМЫСЛОВОЕ ХОЗЯЙСТВО ТАЙМЫРА]
Konstantin B. Klokov (Клоков К.Б.) & D.N. Shustrov (Шустров Д.Н.)
Edited by the Acad. RASKhN E.E. Syroechkovskogo. Moscow: TsOP tipografii Izdatelstvo SPBGU, 1999. 124 pp.
This monograph is dedicated to the problems of reindeer-herding among the indigenous peoples of the Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. It shows the history of the formation of indigenous subsistence areas and the contemporary situation for the main branches of traditional subsistence – fishing, hunting and reindeer-herding. The book suggests ways to improve the organisation of traditional subsistence activities by commercialising them. A separate chapter deals with questions of establishing commercial fish production.
Konstantin Borisovich Klokov
199004 St. Petersburg, Russia
Sredniy per. 41
phone: +7 (812) 310-8235
IDENTITY AND ECOLOGY IN ARCTIC SIBERIA
David G. Anderson
2002, Oxford: Oxford University Press - paperback edition. 280 pp. Price: £17.99.
This is a first-hand account of a reindeer-herding collective in the remote Taimyr peninsula of Siberia. The author gives an intimate description of the day-to-day lives of a little-known group of Evenkis as they face both economic and ecological challenges. His study addresses questions of identity, nationalism, and ecological theory, as well as mapping the changes caused in the region by the formation of and the recent break-up of the Soviet Union.
The following web-site gives a picture of the book and has a link to a PDF file sample chapter http://www.oup.co.uk/isbn/0-19-925082-0
The first chapter is posted at Oxford as a PDF file at
THE NEW ISSUE OF THE NORTHERN REVIEW, NO. 22
published by Yukon College, Whitehorse (http://www.yukoncollege.yk.ca/review/), is largely devoted to papers by indigenous women from Northern Russia and Siberia.
TUNDRA PASSAGES: GENDER AND HISTORY IN THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST
Penn State Press, Pennsylvania,USA, 2001
Koriak have been described as a nomadic people, migrating with the reindeer through rugged terrain. Their autonomy and mobility are salient cultural features that ethnographers and state administrators have found equally fascinating and menacing.
Tundra Passages (Penn State Press, $19.95 paper) describes how this indigenous people in the Russian Far East have experienced, interpreted, and struggled with the changing conditions of life on the periphery of post-Soviet Russia.
Rethmann portrays the lives of Koriak women in the locales of Tymlat and Ossora in northern Kamchatka, within a wider framework of sexuality, state power, and marginalization, which she sees as central to the Koriak experience of everyday life. Using gender as a lens through which to examine wider issues of history, disempowerment, and marginalization, she explores the interpretations and strategies employed by Koriak women and men to ameliorate the austere effects of political and socioeconomic disorder. Rethmann's innovative work combines historical and ethnographic descriptions of Koriak life, narration, and practices of gender and history.
INDIGENOUS RIGHTS IN RUSSIA: IS TITLE TO LAND ESSENTIAL FOR CULTURAL SURVIVAL?
The Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, Vol. 13 (3), 2001, pp. 695-734
A review of the history, status, and practice of law related to indigenous peolpes in Russia.
POLITICS AND CULTURE AMONG THE RUSSIAN SAAMI
Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge, England, 2000
The thesis examines the ways in which the Russian Saami perceive the legitimacy of their ethno-political leaders and organisations in the decade from 1989 to 1999, taking into account the history of the Russian Saami, and the role of the Saami in the Nordic countries. Politics among the Russian Saami is also related to theoretical questions about culture and ethnicity.
The forced amalgamation of Saami villages in the 1960s put stress on the relationship of the Saami with their land, and resulted in the polarisation of the community along a continuum with one more urban and one more rural pole. Towards the rural pole, the loss of prestige and control over the land resulted in exacerbated social problems of alcoholism, involuntary celibacy and suicide.
From 1989 onwards the same members of the urban intelligentsia who had attempted a linguistic revival during the late-Soviet period went on to set up ethno-political organisations to speak for the group. The rest of the Russian Saami tend to view these organisations as instruments for the personal enrichment of the urbanised and Sovietised leaders, and as a means to control aid flows from the Nordic Saami and other foreign sources. Thus the activities of the leaders are viewed by the rest of the group as lacking in legitimacy.
The thesis argues that the urban leaders need the more tundra-oriented part of the group and its culture to bolster the legitimacy of their politics – but the more rural part of the group is nonetheless also dependent upon the organisational and ideological skills of the urban leaders to initiate and lead the ethnic revival. In this situation, culture can neither be conceptualised as a mere construct of the leaders nor as something concrete with narrowly defined essential characteristics that only exists in the rural section of the community. Instead, it should be viewed as a compromise between these two stances.
The thesis is entitled Politics and Culture among the Russian Saami. Indra Øverland wishes to thank the Norwegian Research Council, the Cambridge Overseas Trust and the Cambridge Board of Graduate Studies, whose generous grants made it possible to complete the thesis.
NORTHERN SEA ROUTE DATABASE AVAILABLE FROM INSROP
The International Northern Sea Route Programme (INSROP) was a 6-year Norwegian-Russian-Japanese research endeavor to assess all relevant aspects of possible, future, international shipping on the Northern Sea Route (NSR).
As part of the project, a large NSR database was assembled. Close to 200 data sets were included, divided into 15 categories: Base Cartography, Coastal Zone, Environmental Impacts, Environmental Impact Assessment, Ice and Snow, Icing on structures at sea, Indigenous Peoples, Infrastructure, Marine Birds, Marine and Anadromous Fish and Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Meteorology, Navigation, Ocean and Rivers, Administrative Boundaries.
The database is organized as a geographical information system (GIS), with all data being geo-referenced, suitable for map presentation. In order to use the INSROP GIS database, the software ArcView 3.0a (or newer) running on Windows 95 or Windows NT 4.0 (or newer) is required.
This database is the largest, systematized body of data ever collected about the Northern Sea Route, and would be of unique value to researchers and others interested in the marine/coastal areas of the Russian Arctic.
Even more information about the INSROP GIS can be found at:
http://www.fni.no/insrop/INSROPGIS.htm and general information about INSROP and the 167 published INSROP Working Papers can be found at:
The database is available on a CD-ROM, which is sold at a cost for NOK 110 (approximately USD 13). It is recommended to also buy the INSROP GIS User's Guide and System Documentation as well as the "INSROP GIS Data Set Documentation & Information Structure". With these two reports included, the "INSROP GIS Package" can be obtained for NOK 480 (approx. USD 55) + postage from:
The INSROP Secretariat
c/o Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O.Box 326, N-1326 Lysaker, Norway
Fax: +47 67111910
AMAP REPORTS AVAILABLE ON-LINE
The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) was established in June 1991 by the Ministers of the eight Arctic countries (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Federation of Russia, Sweden and U.S.A.) as a part of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS). In 1997, together with other programme groups established under the AEPS, it became part of the Arctic Council responsibility.
AMAP documents are available as pdf files on the AMAP Web page: http://www.amap.no, under "Online Documents." If you would like to receive a hard copy instead, please inform the Secretariat (1). Some of the former AMAP documents are not yet available as pdf files and are only listed on the AMAP Publication List. However, if you would like to receive a hard copy, please contact the Secretariat.
AMAP Publications are free of charge, except the "AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues" (AAR) which is the scientific, fully referenced report of AMAP's first assessment (ca. 900 pages) and the "Arctic Pollution Issues: The State of the Arctic Environment Report" (SOAER) (ca. 180 pages), which is a popularised, four-coloured short version of the AAR (2). The price of the AAR is ca. USD 100 and ca. USD 40 for the SOAER, freight charges not included. The Secretariat would also like to inform you that the AAR is also available on CD-ROM.
1) For communication see address list in the end of this volume.
2) For complete references see NNSIPRA Bulletin nos. 1 and 2.
MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE INDIGENOUS POPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN NORTH
A.I. Kozlov & G.G. Vershuvskaya
M. Ed. MNĖPU, 1999
Under the influence of natural climatic conditions for the indigenous inhabitants of the Arctic, Subarctic, continental Siberia and the Far East, a specific complex of medico-biological characteristics has developed. Modern lifestyle changes conflict with traditional lifestyles, including physical activities and food supplies of indigenous northerners. As a result, ”civilisation diseases” - obesity, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, ischaemic heart diseases, diabetes – are on the rise among the indigenous people of the North. The book thoroughly describes the medico-biological characteristics of indigenous northerners, and discusses what needsto be taken into account in medical, pedagogical and social work practices.
The editors of NNSIPRA would like to emphasise that the book regards the supply of traditional food as a necessity for the northerners; the shortage of traditional food negatively affects their health conditions.
POLAR RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE: HUMAN ROLE IN REINDEER/CARIBOU SYSTEMS
Polar Research, vol. 19, no. 1. Published by the Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway, 142 pp.
Proceedings of the Human Role in Reindeer/Caribou Systems Workshop, held in Rovaniemi, Finland, on 10-14 February 1999, are now being published as a special issue of Polar Research, the international, peer-reviewed journal of the Norwegian Polar Institute. This special issue contains 16 papers representing the workshop's themes: Hunting Systems; Reindeer Herding; Rangeland Habitat Protection; Minimizing Industrial Development Conflicts; Effects of Global Change; and Protecting Indigenous Cultures. The table of contents can be accessed via
http://www.npolar.no/PolarResearch. Direct orders to: email@example.com.
THE PEOPLES OF THE NORTH OF RUSSIA ON THE WAY TO A NEW MILLENNIUM
Pavel Sulyandziga (RAIPON) and Olga Murashko (IWGIA Moscow), eds.
Original title: Северные народы России на пути в новое тысячилетие. 224 pp.
This offers very comprehensive information regarding the status of the indigenous peoples of the Russian North and Far East, also focusing on legislation and indigenous organisation. An English translation of this book is planned.
THE PEOPLES OF THE RUSSIAN NORTH: THE RIGHT TO HEALTH
Original title: Народы Севера России: право на здоровье.
Moscow 1999, 262 pp. ISBN 5-87789-100-3
The book describes health and accessible health care for the small-numbered indigenous peoples as an important part of the struggle for solving physical and psychological problems and issues of social revival. New strategies in this struggle are outlined.
PRESENT DAY PROBLEMS OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE NORTH
Sergey N. Kharyuchi
Original title: Современные проблемы коренных народов Севера.
103 pp. ISBN: 5-7511-1086-2
This is a collection of articles and speeches by the president of RAIPON.
LEGAL ANTHROPOLOGY. LAW AND LIFE
Edited by the Russian Academy of Sciences
Original title: Юридическая аитропология. Закон и жизн.
For the first time Russian scholars have compiled a monograph about legal issues of special interest to the indigenous peoples of Russia: traditional rights, man as a subject of law, legal pluralism, legal aspects of traditional land use, etc.
SIBERIAN SURVIVAL: THE NENETS AND THEIR STORY
Andrei Golovnev & Gail Osherenko
Cornell University Press, Aug. 1999
To order, see http://www.cornellpress.cornell.edu
Cost: US$ 29.95, plus shipping
"The Yamal Peninsula in northwestern Siberia is one of the few remaining places on earth where a nomadic people retain a traditional culture. Here in the tundra, the Nenets - one of the few indigenous minorities of the Russian North - follow a lifestyle shaped by the seasonal migrations of the reindeer they herd. For decades under Soviet rule, they weathered harsh policies designed to subjugate them. How the Nenets successfully resisted indoctrination from a powerful totalitarian state and how today they face new challenges to the survival of their culture - these are the subjects of this compelling and lavishly illustrated book.
The authors - one the head of a team of Russian ethnographers who have spent many seasons on the peninsula, the other an American attorney specializing in issues affecting the Arctic - introduce the rich culture of the Nenets. They recount how Soviet authorities attempted to restructure the native economy, by organising herders into collectives and redistributing reindeer and pasture lands, as well as to eradicate the native belief system, by killing shamans and destroying sacred sites. Over the past century, the Nenets have also witnessed the piecemeal destruction of their fragile environment and the forced settlement of part of their population. To understand how this society has survived against all odds, the authors consider the unique strengths of the culture and the characteristics of the outside forces confronting it.
Today, the Yamal is known for a new reason: it is the site of one of the world's largest natural gas deposits. The authors discuss the dangers Russian and Western developers present to the Nenets people and recommend policies for land use which will help to preserve this remarkable culture."
Cornell University Press
"Yamal is a land of continuous permafrost underlain by enormous deposits of natural gas over which the Nenets have served as responsible stewards for a millennium. Their prospects for continued survival - with the arrival of powerful players like Gazprom, the Russian gas monopoly, and the escalating sounds of foreign companies clamoring for access to the resources - range from reasonable to impossible, depending on whom you talk to. This book will enable readers to approach the debate well informed. The book is a gripping read, whatever one's background."
Bruce Forbes, Senior Scientist, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland
THE SMALL INDIGENOUS NATIONS OF NORTHERN RUSSIA – A GUIDE FOR RESEARCHERS
Dmitriy A. Funk & Lennard Sillanpää (eds.)
Åbo Akademi University, Social Science Research Unit, Publication No. 29, 1999. In English and Russian.
The book presents an overview chapter ("The impact of Russian national policies on the indigenous peoples of the north, Siberia and the Far East" from the 17th through the 20th centuries"), a brief introduction and a comprehensive bibliography for each of the ethnic groups.
NEOTRADITIONALISM IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH
Aleksandr Pika (ed.)
Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Edmonton, Circumpolar Research Series No. 6, 1999
English translation by Bruce Grant of the book by A. Pika: Неотрадиционализм на российском севере, 1995. The book illuminates many of the cultural, political and economic issues guiding Russian state policy toward Siberian indigenous peoples. Growing from a report submitted to the Russian Parliament, it became a guiding block for new legislation on the treatment of Northern minority peoples in post-Soviet Russia.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AFFECTING THE TRADITIONAL LIFESTYLES OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH.
P. Suliandziga & D. Henry
A seminar report, Moscow, March 1998. RAIPON, Goskomsever, UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Arctic Council / Indigenous Peoples’ Secretariat. 39+39 pp. In English and Russian.
AMAP (ARCTIC MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAMME) PUBLICATIONS:
Fully referenced, voluminous report of AMAP's results up to 1996:
AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues; Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, Oslo 1998, xii+859 pp.
English language version:
Arctic Pollution Issues: A state of the environment report. AMAP, 1997. 188 pp.
Norwegian language edition:
Forurensning i Arktis: Tilstandsrapport om det arktiske miljøet. AMAP, 1997. 188 pp.
Saami language edition:
Árktisa nuoskun: Árktisa birasdili Čilgehus. AMAP, 1997. 188 pp.
Russian language edition:
Загрязнения Арктики: Доклад о состоянии окружающей среде Арктики, AMAP, 1997. 188 pp.
A NEW ENVIRONMENTAL ATLAS PUBLISHED BY SVANHOVD ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRE:
English language version:
Barentswatch 1998: Maps, articles and facts from the Barents Region. Edited by A. Sween. Svanhovd Environmental Centre. 50 pp.
Norwegian language version:
Barentswatch 1998: Kart, artikler og fakta fra Barentsregionen. Edited by A. Sween. Svanhovd Miljøsenter. 50 pp.
Russian language version:
Баренц уотч 1998: Карты, статьы и факты по Баренцеву Региону. Edited by A. Sween. Svanhovd Environmental Centre. 50 pp.
INSROP (INTERNATIONAL NORTHERN SEA ROUTE PROGRAMME) PUBLICATIONS ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES:
Subprogramme II (Environmental Factors):
INSROP Working Paper 90-1997:
Indigenous peoples of the northern part of the Russian Federation and their environment. Atlas and historical / ethnographical background information.
By W.K.Dallmann. 101 pp. 11 maps.
INSROP Working Paper 99-1998:
Northern Sea Route Dynamic Environmental Atlas.
By O.W. Brude, K.A. Moe, V. Bakken, R. Hansson, L.H. Larsen, S.M. Løvås, J. Thomassen & Ø. Wiig. 58 pp.
Environmental maps and charts in colour print.
INSROP Working Paper 142-1999:
A Guide to EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) Implementation in INSROP Phase 2.
By J. Thomassen, K.A. Moe, O.W. Brude, S.M. Chivilev, M. Gavrilo, V. Khlebovich, V. Pogrebov, G. Simanov & S. Zubarev.
INSROP Working Paper 162-1999:
Evaluation of INSROP Valued Ecosystem Components: Protected Areas, Indigenous People, Domestic Reindeer and Wild Reindeer.
By J. Thomassen, W.K. Dallmann, K. Isaksen, V. Khlebovich & Ø. Wiig.
Subprogramme IV (Political, Legal and Strategic Factors):
INSROP Working Paper 18-1995:
Northern Sea Route social impact assessment: Indigenous peoples and development in the lower Yenisey Valley.
By D.G. Anderson. 44 pp.
INSROP Working Paper 33-1996:
Impacts of transportation systems on the communities of western Alaska: Analysis of the literature.
By N.E. Flanders. 40 pp.
INSROP Working Paper 49-1996:
Influence of the Northern Sea Route on social and cultural development of indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia).
By S.I. Boyakova, V.N. Ivanov, G. Osherenko, L.I. Vinokurova, B.V. Ivanov, T.S. Ivanova, B.V. Ignatiyeva, S.P. Kistenev & D.A. Shirina. 86 pp.
INSROP Working Paper 51-1996:
Indigenous peoples and development in the Chukchi Autonomous Okrug.
By D.L. Schindler. 94 pp.
INSROP Working Paper 93-1997:
The Northern Sea Route and native peoples. Lessons from the 20th Century to the 21st.
By G. Osherenko, D. Schindler, A. Pika & D. Bogoyavlensky. 122 pp.
INSROP Working Paper 111-1998:
Social and cultural impact on indigenous peoples of expanded use of the NSR.
By Z.P. Sokolova & A. Yakovlev.
INSROP Working Paper 112-1998:
Indigenous peoples and development of the Yamal Peninsula.
By A. Golovnev, G. Osherenko, Y. Pribylski & D. Schindler.
INSROP Working Paper 148-1999:
The NSR: Impacts on the Nenets Autonomous Okrug Regional Development and Social/Economic Conditions of the Nenets Population.
By E. Andreeva. 92 pp., 12 maps.
INSROP Working Paper 152-1999:
The Northern Sea Route and Local Communities in Northwest Russia: Social Impact Assessment for the Murmansk Region.
By Yu. Konstantinov. 44 pp.
INSROP Working Paper 154-1999:
The Sami People and the Northern Sea Route: Juridical, Social and Cultural Concerns.
By L.-N. Lasko & G. Osherenko. 74 pp.
СТАТУС МАЛОЧИСЛЕННЫХ НАРОДОВ РОССИИ. ПРАВОВЫЕ АКТЫ.
[Status of the numerically small peoples of Russia. Juridical documents. (in Russian)]
V.A. Kryazhkov (ed.)
Yurinformtsentr, Moscow 1999, 400 pp.
BICULTURAL EDUCATION IN THE NORTH. WAYS OF PRESERVING AND ENHANCING INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ LANGUAGES AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE.
E. Kasten (ed.)
Waxmann Münster/New York/München/Berlin, 1998.
The book is about the cultural diversity of the Eurasian North and Alaska, and how it can be maintained and enhanced in the future. The topic is treated by a wide variety of views expressed by essays of 23 different authors with different backgrounds and dealing with different regions. Essays on general approaches are succeeded by geographically defined chapters with emphasis on the Russian North. Complementary chapters give comparative perspectives and discuss the role of modern technologies (multimedia, internet).